Siksha-Satra, established in 1924 in Santiniketan, and later shifted to Sriniketan(1927), caters to the children of villages deprived of opportunities of any form of education due to lack of facilities or poverty. That India lives in her villages and that it is impossible to maintain the organic health by enriching urban centres and neglecting rural India was the enduring truth which Tagore tried relentlessly to establish. Towards the upliftment of the rural people through education and development of self-reliance, Tagore devoted himself and directed his efforts. Tagore was conscious of the difference in needs of the rural and urban people and imaginatively developed curricula for such needs.
"Siksha-Satra is the natural outcome of some years of educational experiment at Santiniketan and at the Institute of Rural Reconstruction at Sriniketan. Here an attempt is being made to give an all-round education to village children and provide them with training which will not only enable them to earn a decent livelihood but also to equip them with the necessary training and creative imagination with which they help to improve the rural life of Bengal in all its aspects"
....(Tagore, Visva-Bharati Bulletin 21,1936)
Siksha-Satra provides an atmosphere of openness of nature in which lessons are imparted in keeping with the syllabus shared with Patha-Bhavana. It also provides a large spectrum of work education subjects like Modeling, Woodwork, Weaving, Electrical Servicing and Maintenance, Horticulture, Artistic Handicraft and Drawing & Painting. Other student activities are the meetings of the literary forum (Sahitya Sabha), Sports and Games, N.C.C., N.S.S., excursions and participation in the University festivals.
Siksha-Satra was a residential school with facilities for day-scholars up to 1975. It is , at present, a non-residential school.